Human Resource Development notes – KNEC Diploma

Human Resource Development


This unit or subject is examined by KNEC on those taking the following courses:

This module unit is intended to equip the trainee with knowledge, ski’ and attitudes that will enable him/her manage the training and development of employees in an organization.

General Objectives
At the end of the module unit, the trainee should be able to:

  • Recognize the importance of training and development of employe: in an organization
  • Plan and implement career development programmes for employe:
  • Conduct an employee training needs analysis
  • Design and implement an appropriate employee training programr;
  • Manage the emerging issues and trends for employee training and development in an organization

The topics that need to be covered as required by KNEC in this unit/subject are as follows:

Topic 1: Introduction to Human Resource Development

  • Meaning of terms used in human resource development
  • Need for employee training
  • Importance of training and development
  • Approaches to training
  • Nature of training policies
  • Responsibility for training in an organization
  • Training cycle

Topic 2: Training Needs Analysis (TNA)

  • Meaning of terms used in Training Needs Analysis
  • Need for Training Needs Analysis
  • Process of carrying out Training Needs Analysis
  • Meaning of training gaps
  • Training Needs Analysis process
  • Techniques used in Training Needs Analysis

Topic 3: Planning and Designing a Training Programme

  • Meaning of terms related to training programme
  • Formulation of training programme objectives
  • Components of a training budget
  • Appropriate training resources
  • Selection of appropriate training technique
  • Theories of learning
  • Principles of learning
  • Group dynamics in learning
  • Process of selecting trainers
  • Factors to consider when selecting suitable training venue
  • Design of a training programme
  • Methods of implementing a training programme
  • Techniques of evaluating a training programme
  • Process of evaluating a training programme

Topic 4: Talent Management

  • Meaning of terms related to talent development
  • Components of talent development programme
  • Common business strategies in workforce planning
  • Consequences for lack of workforce planning
  • Process of linking talent development programme to business strategy
  • Performance standards used for evaluating the level of employees performance
  • Pitfalls in talent selection
  • Common methods used for selecting candidates for recruitment
  • Common sources of subjectivity in talent assessment of employees
  • Management the career of low performers
  • Tools for talent development
  • Advantages of mainstreaming diversity into hiring process

Topic 5: Career Development

  • Meaning of terms used in career development
  • Objectives of career development
  • Importance of career development
  • Types of career development programmes
  • Process of career development
  • Employee counselling

Topic 6: Mentoring in Human Resource Development

  • Meaning of terms used in mentoring
  • Importance of mentoring in human resource development
  • Benefits of mentorship
  • Phases of mentorship process
  • Characteristics of a good mentor
  • Types of mentoring
  • Critical skills for successful mentorship
  • Principles of adult learning underlying the mentoring relationship

Topic 7: Coaching in Human Resource Development

  • Meaning of coaching
  • Difference between coaching and counseling
  • Reasons for the increasing popularity of coaching
  • Distinction between coaching and mentoring relationships
  • Qualities of an effective coach
  • Benefits to coaching
  • Types of coaching approaches
  • Coaching styles
  • Forms of coaching delivery
  • Phases of coaching relationship
  • Coaching model for leadership development
  • Blending organisational goals and coaching
  • Barriers to coaching

Topic 8: Emerging Issues and Trends

  • Emerging issues and trends
  • Challenges posed by emerging issues and trends
  • Ways of coping with challenges posed by emerging issues and trends

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