Gender Education – Life skills notes KNEC

Gender Education

Gender Education

What is gender? Gender is social cultural and psychological characteristics that indentify one as male or female in a given society. They are the biological differences that define man or a woman.

Agents that Perpetuate Gender Discrimination

  • Culture
  • stereotyping
  • poverty
  • illiteracy

Gender Stereotyping

Stereotyping refers to a set of beliefs and attitudes not based on reality. Examples may include

Female stereotype Male stereotype
Gentle Rough
Caring Individualistic
Physically weak Physically strong
Less intellectual More intellectual
Submissive Assertive
Cannot lead followers in a Are leaders
household Heads of household
Gossip Discuss issues
Cannot make decisions Decision-makers

Other stereotypes may include:

Masculine should…… Feminine should…..
Be in control Be emotionally sensitive
Appear unemotional Be vulnerable
Be dominant Submit to wishes of men
Be sexually active Be dependent
Have many partners Meet needs of others before
Head the family their own
Be the bread winner Be physically attractive
Avoid household work Be tolerant
Be strong (resolve conflicts Avoid careers in

with violence)

mathematics and


Take risks Have childrenat the
Be   in careers that   are command of men etc
mechanical   and analytical)

Effects of Gender on an Individual Life

  • Poor self-concept
  • Discrimination
  • Indecisiveness
  • Illiteracy
  • Low self-esteem

Effects of stereotypes in relationships

  • Violence when women refuse to be submissive or take decisions
  • Resentment when a woman is earning and the man is not or when a woman is earning more than the man
  • Rape
  • Discrimination in the workplace
  • Harassment

Strategies to Eliminate Gender Discrimination

  • To treat individuals equally irrespective of their gender Creating gender-friendly environment
  • Providing gender friendly facilities career
  • Learners should be encouraged to work hard in all subjects and to pursue any
  • Encourage games and leisure for all learners without discrimination
  • Assigning equal duties and responsibilities to all the learner regardless of gender Guiding and counseling all the learners on responsible sexual behavior, hiv&aids, drug misuse and abuse and responsible adulthood and other aspects of learning.
  • Analyzing examination, repetition, and drop out in terms of gender to detect and gender bias.
  • Encouraging the parents and the community to have positive attitude towards girls and boys education
  • Encouraging girls who become pregnant to resume school after delivering

Values Associated with Gender Parity

  • Tolerance
  • Simplicity
  • Respect
  • Love
  • Unity
  • Humility
  • Honesty

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