Elements of Law notes – KNEC Diploma

ELEMENTS OF LAW

This unit or subject is examined by KNEC on those taking the following courses:

Introduction
This module unit is intended to equip the trainee with the knowledge, skills and attitudes that will enable him/her work apply the law in business in relation to other persons and institutions.
General Objectives

By the end of the module unit, the trainee should be able to:

  • Discuss the sources of law in Kenya
  • Explain the nature and jurisdiction of courts in Kenya
  • Apply the elements of public law
  • Outline the law of contract and its application in business transaction
  • Apply the principles of law of agency
  • Discuss the law of tort and its application in business activities
  • Demonstrate competency to make legally sound decisions

The topics that need to be covered as required by KNEC in this unit/subject are as follows:

Module Unit Summary

Topic 1: Introduction to Law

  • Meaning of law
  • Significance of law
  • Law and morality
  • Classification of law
  • Sources of law

 

Topic 2: Structure and Jurisdiction of Courts in Kenya

  • Composition and jurisdiction of courts
  • Hierarchy of Kenyan courts
  • Composition and jurisdiction of administrative tribunals

 

Topic 3: Elements of Public Law

  • Composition of public law
  • Functions of public law
  • Right of citizens
  • Offences




Topic 4: Law of Contract

  • Meaning of contract
  • Types of contracts
  • Elements of contracts
  • Grounds of illegal contract
  • Vitiating factors
  • Significance of privity of contract
  • Negotiable instruments
  • Methods of discharging contracts
  • Remedies
  • Limitations of action

Topic 5: Law of Agency

  • Meaning law of agency
  • Parties to a contract of agency
  • Types of agents
  • Creation of agency
  • Right and duties of parties to an agency
  • Ways of discharging agency

Topic 6: Law of Tort

  • Meaning of tort
  • General defenses
  • Elements of tort
  • Parties to tort
  • Remedies available for tort

Topic 7: Law of Succession

  • Meaning of succession law
  • Testate & testamentary succession
  • Wills & capacity to make a will
  • Grant of probate & letters of administration
  • Interstate or Non- testamentary succession
  • « Gifts in contemplation of death

Topic 8: Law of Property

  • Basic concepts in law of property
  • Contract of employment
  • Employers’ responsibility
  • Employees’ responsibility
  • Employment enactments and regulations
  • Tort negligence




Topic 9: Employment Law

  • Basic concepts
  • Contract of employment
  • Employers’ responsibility
  • Employees’ responsibility
  • Employment enactments and regulations
  • Tort negligence

Topic 10: Emerging Issues and Trends in Law

  • Emerging issues and trends in law
  • Challenges posed by emerging issues and trends in law
  • Coping challenges posed by emerging issues and trends in law



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