Software Engineering – KASNEB Syllabus

PAPER NO.14 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

GENERAL OBJECTIVE

This paper is intended to equip the candidate with the knowledge, skills and attitudes that will

enable him/her to implement and manage the software engineering process.

LEARNING OUTCOMES

A candidate who passes this paper should be able to:

  • Identify appropriate software system design tools
  • Design appropriate software systems
  • Describe software system testing
  • Document and commission a software
  • Evaluate software acquisition techniques
  • Maintain a

CONTENT

Introduction to software engineering

  • Overview of software engineering
  • Software engineering concepts
  • Software development life cycle (SDLC)
  • Legal aspects in software process models

Software process models

  • Linear/waterfall model
  • Rapid prototyping
  • Evolutionary models
  • Component based models
  • Other models

Software requirements analysis

  • Overview of requirements concepts
  • Requirement analysis process
  • Stakeholders analysis
  • Need for requirement gathering techniques
  • Gap analysis
  • Prioritization of requirements
  • Requirements specification

Design tools and methods

  • System flowcharts
  • Case tools
  • Functional decomposition
  • Modules design
  • Structured walkthrough
  • Decision tables
  • Structured charts
  • Data flow diagrams
  • Object oriented design tools

Software coding

  • Coding platforms
  • Approaches to software coding
  • Coding styles and characteristics
  • Coding in high level languages
  • Coding standards
  • User interface

Software testing

  • Testing and debugging
  • Testing platforms
  • Software testing lifecycle
  • Software testing methods
    • Black box testing
    • White box testing
  • Sofware testing levels
    • Unit
    • Integration
    • System
    • Acceptance
  • Other forms of testing

Conversion strategies

  • Conversion planning
  • Parallel running
  • Direct changeover
  • Pilot study
  • Phased approach

Software quality

  • Control and assurance
  • Software quality factors and metrics
  • Formal technical reviews
  • Verification and validation
  • Cost of quality

Software acquisition methods

  • Software outsourcing
  • Open-source software engineering and customisation
  • In- house development
  • Commercial off the- shelf software (COTS)
  • Factors to consider in software acquisition

Budgeting for information systems

  • Financial cost benefit analysis
  • Business case approach
  • Total cost of ownership
  • Balance score card
  • Activity based costing and expected value
  • Tracking and allocations costs

Documentation and commissioning

  • Objectives of systems documentation
  • Use of systems documentation
  • Qualities of a good documentation
  • Types of documentation
  • Software commissioning

Software maintenance and evolution

  • Types of software changes
  • Software change identification
  • Software change implementation

Auditing information systems

  • Overview of information systems audit
  • Auditing computer resources
  • Audit techniques
  • Audit applications

Emerging issues and trends



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