Research Methods – KASNEB Syllabus



This paper is intended to equip the candidate with the knowledge, skills and attitudes that will enable him/her to design and carry out research on information systems.


A candidate who passes this paper should be able to:

  • Identify and analyse problems for which research is required
  • Identify the major types of research designs
  • Formulate clearly defined research objectives and research questions
  • Analyse key issues and themes from existing literature
  • Conduct research
  • Present research findings
  • Apply ethics in research


Introduction to research

  • Meaning of research
  • Types of research
  • Significance of research
  • The research process
  • Challenges in carrying out research
  • Types of research designs
  • Format of research project
  • Research methodology

The research problem

  • Problem identification
  • Salient features of a good problem statement
  • Background and context of the problem
  • Problem statement
  • Research objectives: General and specific objectives
  • Research questions
  • Research hypothesis/formulation of hypothesis
  • Development of theoretical/conceptual framework

Literature review

  • Meaning and importance of literature review
  • Theoretical review and empirical review
  • Critical review of major issues
  • Theoretical and conceptual framework

Research methodology

  • Target population
  • Sampling techniques and sample size
  • Data collection
  • Data collection method
  • Reliability and validity of data

Analysis and presentation of findings

  • Analysis of findings
  • Presentation of findings
  • Testing of hypothesis
  • Summary, conclusions and recommendations

Format of research project

  • Preliminaries
  • Content chapters
  • Referencing – APA format
  • Appendices

Issues in research

  • Ethical considerations in research
  • Implementation of research recommendations

Emerging issues and trends

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