Principles and Practices of Management notes – KNEC Diploma

Principles and Practices of Management (PPM)

This subject is examined in the following Diploma courses:

Topics covered are:

Topic 1: Introduction to management
Topic 2: Evolution of management thought
Topic 3: Planning function
Topic 4: Organising function
Topic 5: Leading/directing function
Topic 6: Controlling function
Topic 7: Staffing
Topic 8: International management
Topic 9: Business Policy
Topic 10: Emerging trends and issues theory and practice of management

This module unit is intended to equip the trainee with knowledge, skills and attitudes to enable him/her carry out management functions in a business set up.
General Objectives
At the end of this module unit, the trainee should be able to:

  1. Identify management functions in an organisation
  2. Recognize the role played by the management practices in influencing leadership styles
  3. Recognize the role played by international environmental factors on management practices of an organisation
  4. Cope with challenges posed by emerging issues and trends in management practices.

Topic 1: Introduction to Management

  • Meaning of management
  • Characteristics of management
  • Distinction between management and other disciplines
  • Distinction between a manager and a leader
  • Levels of management
  • Types of skills required to manage a business effectively
  • Role of manager
  • Importance of management
  • Functions of management

Topic 2: Evolution of Management Thought

  • Evolution of schools of management thought
  • System approach to management
  • Modem approaches to management

Topic 3: Planning Function

  • Nature of planning
  • Importance of planning
  • Types of plan
  • Process of managing and appraising by objectives
  • Process of decision-making

Topic 4: Organising Function

  • Nature and purpose of organisation
  • Levels and span of management
  • Patterns of departmentalization
  • Delegation
  • Centralization and decentralization of authority in an organisation
  • Use of committees and groups in decision-making in an organisation
  • Supervision

Topic 5: Leading/Directing Function

  • Relationship between management and human factor in directing/leading
  • Motivational factors of workers
  • Motivational theories and their relevance in management today
  • Leadership styles
  • Areas of communication breakdown in an organisation
  • Techniques of effective communication

Topic 6: Controlling Function

  • Meaning of control
  • Control process in an organisation
  • Critical control process in a given situation in an organisation
  • Types of critical point standards used in an organisation
  • Requirements of control system in an organisation
  • Control techniques
  • Concept of production and operation management control
  • Methods used in general performance control

Topic 7: Staffing

  • Meaning of Staffing
  • Activities in staffing

Topic 8: International Management

  • Meaning of international management
  • International business environments
  • Managerial functions in international business
  • Difference between international and domestic management
  • Attainment of global theory of management

Topic 9: Business Policy

  • Nature, scope and need for corporate strategic planning
  • Strategic options and decisions
  • Evaluations of strategic options
  • Measurement and control of corporate strategic performance
  • Techniques for corporate strategic planning
  • Corporate Social Responsibilities

Topic 10: Emerging Trends and Issues in Principles and Practices of management

  • Emerging trends and issues in management
  • Challenges posed by emerging trends and issues in theories and practice of management
  • Coping with challenges posed by the emerging trends and issues in management

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