Information Communication Technology notes – KNEC Diploma


This module unit is intended to equip the trainee with knowledge; skills and attitudes to enable him/her appreciate and apply Information Communication Technology in the research, design, production and marketing of industrial components.  Upon completion of the module unit, trainees will be able to use various computer packages in work places and in their daily life.

By the end of the unit is a list of teaching/learning activities, teaching/learning resources and evaluation methods that may be applied in the implementation of the syllabus unit.  The list is not exhaustive and the instructor is encouraged to explore other suitable methods.

Information Communication Technology

The topics covered on this ICT subject are:

Topic 1: Introduction to ICT
Topic 2: Computer Hardware
Topic 3: Computer Software
Topic 4: Operating system
Topic 5: Data security and Control
Topic 6: Word Processing
Topic 7: Spread Sheets
Topic 8: Database
Topic 9: Computer networking and internet
Topic 10: Desktop Publishing
Topic 11: Presentation Package
Topic 12: Emerging issues and trends in ICT

This module unit is intended to equip the trainee with knowledge; skills and attitudes to enable him/her apply Information Communication Technology in everyday life.
General Objectives
At the end of the module unit, the trainee should be able to:
a) Recognize the need for the development of computer hardware and software
b) Recognize the role of computer hardware and software
c) Apply security measures to protect data, hardware and software in a fully automated office environment
d) Apply internet and email in research and communication
e) Use internet and email in a fully automated office environment
f) Adapt to emerging issues in information communication and technology

Topic 1: Introduction to Information Communication Technology (ICT)

  • Concept of ICT
  • Functions of ICT
  • History of computers
  • Classification of computers
  • Components of a computer

Topic 2: Computer Hardware

  • Computer hardware components
  • Input devices
  • Output devices
  • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  • Storage Media
  • Computer peripherals

Topic 3: Computer Software

  • Concepts of computer software
  • Classification of computer software
  • Functions of computer software


Topic 4: Operating System

  • Concept of computer operating system
  • Functions of computer operating system
  • Working of an operating system
  • Operating system commands
  • Disk management

Topic 5: Data Security and Control

  • Definition of data security and privacy
  • Security threats and control measures
  • Computer crimes
  • Detection and protection against computer crimes
  • Laws governing protection of ICT

Topic 6: Word Processing

  • Concept of word processing
  • Document creation and manipulation
  • Tables creation and manipulation
  • Mail merging techniques
  • Application of techniques of word processing utilities

Topic 7: Spread Sheets

  • Concept of spread sheet
  • Application of spread sheets
  • Demonstration of worksheet layout
  • Building and saving a worksheet
  • Data manipulation on worksheet
  • Data application to cells
  • Use of formulae and functions
  • Use of charts

Topic 8: Database

  • Concept of database
  • Database design
  • Data manipulation in the database
  • Data sorting and indexing
  • Data storage
  • Data retrieval in the databank
  • Data security in the databank

Topic 9: Computer Networking and Internet

  • Concept of computer networks
  • Functions of computer networks
  • Types of computer networks
  • Configuration of networks
  • Internet and internet uses
  • Electronic Mail (e-mail)

Topic 10: Desktop Publishing

  • Concept of desktop publishing
  • Page layout in desktop publishing
  • Starting a new page in DTP, saving the set-up, retrieving it and closing file.
  • Drawing of various shapes using DTP
  • Application and use of colour pellets
  • Text insertion
  • Text import and exporting
  • Object linking and embedding
  • Application of desk top publishing in design

Topic 11: Presentation Packages

  • Types of presentation packages
  • Procedure of slide creation
  • Formatting slides
  • Slide presentation
  • Editing objects

Topic 12: Emerging Trends and Issues in ICT

  • Emerging issues and trends
  • Challenges posed by the emerging issues and trends
  • Coping with challenges posed by emerging issues and trends

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