Effective Decisions Making – Life Skills notes KNEC


The Skills of Making Effective Decisions and choices Decision-making

Decision-making is the ability to utilize all available information to assess a situation, analyze the advantages and disadvantages and make informed choices.

Situations that Require Decision-making

  • Identity issues/ developmental crisis
  • Drug and substance use and abuse
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • HIV & AIDS
  • Delinquency Violence
  • Irresponsible sexual relationship
  • Unplanned pregnancies

Challenges Facing the Youth

  • Un planned pregnancies
  • Peer pressure/peer influence
  • Drug abuse
  • HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • Orphaned
  • Relationships
  • Career choices

Factors that influence Decision-making

  • Experiences
  • Uniqueness
  • Self awareness

Steps in Decision-making

  • Identify the problem
  • Identify the source of the problem
  • Analyze the possible solution or options at your disposal
  • Weigh the options in terms of outcomes
  • Select the most suitable solution
  • Take action based on the selected options

Consequences of not making effective decisions

If individual fail to make effective decision the following might befall them:

  • development of poor self-concept
  • low self-esteem
  • teenage pregnancy
  • HIV infection
  • Personality disorders
  • Delinquency
  • Truancy

Decision-making institutions within the community

  • Family
  • Schools/colleges
  • Courts
  • Peer arbitrators
  • Religious bodies

Values Associated with effective decision-making

  • Honesty
  • Integrity
  • Peace
  • Tolerance
  • Responsibility
  • Simplicity

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